What would be the need for a study on Halloween if this is an American festival and some European countries celebrate it?
Although this festival is not well known by most people in Brazil, it has been gaining a great deal of space in our culture through primary schools, English schools, TV, clubs, etc.
WHAT ARE HALLOWEEN PARTIES?
Halloween happens on the nights of October 31st, which are usually celebrated with fancy parties, bonfires, and children dressed as monsters, ghosts, witches, etc., going out from house to house asking for sweets (a trick or treat joke, "Pranks or sweets").
Today, Halloween is an important day for American shopkeepers. It's a night when "decent people become outrageous exhibitionists". Sixty percent of all costumes are sold to adults.
On October 31, one in four people ages 18 to 40 wear some sort of fantasy representing a certain character.
For psychic, clairvoyant, and visionary readers, this is the busiest day of the year. Publishers who publish books ranging from astrology to witchcraft record a colossal increase in sales. Salem, in the state of Massachusetts, home to American witchcraft, celebrates Halloween at the "haunt festival" to expand the summer season.
SYMBOLISM AND ITS ORIGINS:
Definition: "Hallowed" is an Old English word that means "holy", and "e'en" also of English origin means "night", meaning "Holy Night" or "All Hallows Eve", "Night of All Saints ".
October 31 is not a choice by accident. In the Celtic calendar, this is one of the four main days of rest for the witches, the four days of "half quarter". The first, February 2, known as Groundhog Day, honored Brigite, the pagan goddess of healing. The second, a May holiday called Beltane, was among the wizards, the time to plant. On this day, the druids performed magic rites to encourage the growth of the plantations. The third, a harvest feast in August, was celebrated in honor of the sun god, the brilliant deity, Lugh. These first three days marked the passing of the seasons, the time of planting and the time of reaping, as well as the time of death and resurrection of the earth. The last, Samhain, marked the entrance of winter. At that time, the druids performed rituals in which a cauldron symbolized the goddess's abundance. It was said that it was time of "intermediate state," a sacred season of superstition and conjurations of spirit.
To the Druids, October 31 was the night Samhain returned with the spirits of the dead. They needed to be appeased or pleased; Otherwise the living would be deceived. Huge fires were lit on the tops of the hills to chase away the evil spirits and placate the supernatural powers that controlled the processes of nature. Recently some European immigrants, especially the Irish, introduced Halloween in the United States. By the end of the last century, their customs had become popular. It was an occasion to inflict damage on properties, and to allow the practice of diabolical acts not tolerated at other times of the year.
The Catholic Church originally celebrated "All Saints' Day" in the month of May and not on November 1st as it is currently done. Pope Gregory III, in 835, trying to appease the situation in the newly conquered pagan territories in northwestern Europe, allowed them to combine the ancient ritual of "Samhain Day" or "Vigil of Samhain" (something similar to what Catholics did In Brazil with the African gods and church saints in the time of slavery). The Pantheon of Rome, temple built for worship of a multiplicity of gods, was transformed into church. The Christians celebrated the day of the deceased saints there, the day after the pagans celebrated the day of their Lord of the Dead.
These were members of a priestly cult among the Celts in ancient France, England, and Ireland who worshiped gods similar to those of the Greeks and Romans, but with different names. Little is known about them, for the priests passed their teachings only orally swearing and making swearing secrets. Some practices however are known. They lived in the forests and caves, and said to give instructions, to do justice and to foresee the future through flight of birds, fire, liver, and other entrails of sacrificed animals. The druids also offered human sacrifices and held the moon, midnight, cat, oak, etc. as sacred. The Druids were decimated by the Romans in France and England before the end of the first century, but remained active in Ireland until the fourth century.
WITCHES AND GHOSTS
The ancient Druids believed that on a certain night (October 31), witches, ghosts, spirits, fairies, and goblins would come out to harm people.
FULL MOON, CATS AND BATS
It was believed that the full moon marked the time to practice certain occult rituals. The cat was associated witches by superstition. It was believed that witches could transfer their spirits to cats, so it was believed that every witch had a cat. The cat was regarded as a "family spirit" and many were killed when it was suspected to be a witch.
The druids also had the cats as sacred animals, believing they had been human beings transformed into cats as punishment for some sort of perversity. They represented incarnate human beings, evil spirits, or the "familiar spirits" of the witches. The color of the cat originally was not an important factor. The bat, by its ability to pursue its prey in the dark, acquired the reputation of possessing hidden forces. The flying mammal also had the characteristics of bird (for the occult, symbol of the soul) and demon (for being nocturnal). In the medieval period it was believed that demons became bats.
The lantern made with a pumpkin cut out in the form of a "grimace," came from the legend of a notorious man named Jack, who was denied entry into heaven, for his wickedness, and in hell, for playing tricks on the devil. Condemned to wander the earth like spirit until doomsday, Jack placed a glowing ember on a large hollow turnip to illuminate his way through the night. This talisman (turned pumpkin) symbolized a doomed soul.
TRICK OR TREAT
It was believed in Celtic culture that to appease evil spirits, it was necessary to leave food for them. This practice was transformed over time and the beggars began to ask for food in exchange for prayers for any dead members of the family. In this context too, there was tradition in Ireland that a man led a procession to solicit farmer offerings so that his crops would not be cursed by demons. A kind of blackmail, which gave rise to the "Trick or Treat".
THE MASKS AND COSTUMS
Masks have been a means of superstitiously warding off evil spirits or changing the personality of the user and also of communicating with the world of spirits. It was believed to deceive and frighten evil spirits when wearing masks. Also in other cultures people have used masks to scare demons who believed to bring disasters such as epidemics, droughts, etc. Groups involved in black magic and witchcraft also wear masks to "bond" with the spirit world.
The English word for campfire (camping, parties, etc.) is "Bonfire". One might even think it means "good fire", but actually comes from "Bone" + "Fire" (fire). At the "Samhain Vigil" celebrations on Oct. 31, the Druids believed they could see good things and bad awnings of the future through fire. On these occasions, the druids built large fires with baskets of various shapes and burned alive prisoners of war, criminals and animals. Observing the position of the bodies in flame, they said they saw the future. Later women, children, philosophers and scientists were "baked" alive by Catholics, Calvinists, and Lutherans.
THE COLORS ORANGE AND BLACK
The colors used in Halloween, orange and black also have their origin in the occult. They were linked to commemorative masses for the dead, celebrated in November. The beeswax candles were orange in color, and the skiffs were covered with black fabrics.
WITCHCRAFT IN THE PAST
Not only Catholics during the atrocities of the Holy Inquisition, but also Luther's followers, during the savage persecution of the Anabaptists, and the Calvinists in their ferocious intolerance, promoted barbarities and injustices with the excuse of being in the "Holy War."
It was believed that women with witchcraft powers could cast their neighbors all kinds of evil, such as death of cattle, loss of crops, death of children, and so on. According to tradition, the most pernicious power of such witches was to make their husbands blind to the wicked misconduct of their wives and to make the so-called witches beget idiotic or crippled children. Since the characterization of witches was that of old toothless megas with eccentric habits and poison tongue, many women with such characteristics were killed in Salem, USA in 1692.
Look at the barbarity: to have a child with a disability already characterized the mother as a witch or witch. In Europe, the figure of a sorceress was that of "a beautiful and perverse girl," and large numbers of adolescent and young married women were killed in Germany and France.
The first persecutions occurred in the 13th century and later in 1484 with the Holy Inquisition. Pope Innocent II recommended that his inquisitors torture him to the test. During the Protestant Revolution, this hunting took on absurd proportions. Luther counseled to kill witches with less consideration and mercy than with common criminals.
Under Calvin's command in 1545, 34 women were burned or quartered (living) on charges of being or practicing witchcraft. Women, girls and even children were tortured with needles strung under their fingernails, baking their feet in fires, or crushing their legs under heavy weights "until the marrow sneezed from the bones," all to compel them to confess " Orgies repellent with the demons. " The culmination of this hysteria occurred at the end of the century. XVI where the number of victims may have reached 30,000. During that time in German cities more than 900 women were killed in a single year, with not one woman remaining in some cities. Even people esteemed by us defended that people were to be killed under the simple suspicion of witchcraft.
Halloween has other negative aspects besides its pagan heritage rooted in witchcraft and its emphasis on the devil and the darkness. Some vandals are more interested in doing bad deeds than going to parties. There are several cases of criminals and fools distributing poisoned candies or treats containing needles or blades. Another danger is that drivers do not see children in typical dark-colored costumes walking in dark streets. However, such associations with evil do not indicate that parents who allow Halloween celebrations are collaborating with the devil. But it would be hard for you to think of a positive virtue in the Halloween festivities. Its symbolism involves demons, ghosts, death, darkness, skeletons, fear, and terror.
WHAT THE BIBLE SAYS
On the cult of fear: II Tim.1: 7
On a special day of evil: Psalm 118: 24
What God thinks of these practices and their practitioners: Deut.18: 9-14; Isa. 8:19; Lev 19:26, 31; 20: 6-8; 20:27;
On the blackmailing of alms: Psalm 37:25 In the New Testament: Gal. 5: 19-21; Apoc. 21: 8; 22:15 Our answer: Rom. 12: 2; 1 John 4: 4; Eph. 6:12; I Peter 5: 8-9; II Cor. 2:11
Is there something wrong with this? Does this mean that this simple holiday with people and children dressing up, asking for candy is a remnant of old practices of black magic, worship of the dead and other sinister things?
COME TO YOUR OWN CONCLUSION
Public prayers were banned in the United States. The principle of sectarianism drew from the schools the celebration of Christmas. But Halloween remains. The Chicago cat shelter has a very large demand for black cats during the Halloween festivities. Fearing that cats were being used in gruesome rituals by self-proclaimed wizards, the Society for Protecting Animals has ruled out adoption during this season.
In Brazil and in the world are appearing people self-titling wizards. Think of some symbols and analyze them. Is there any meaning? Is there any importance? Is there any influence? Example: pumpkin head, swastika, skull with crossed bones, cross ... Should a church host such festivities? Should a believer participate in such festivities? Today, more and more cases of human sacrifice occur in the Western world at this time. Even the parents of the Protestant Reformation committed absurdities of injustice in this area. Are we not celebrating the injustice that is so displeasing to God? (Isaiah 6: 7-8). The subject is not something of the utmost importance. It is simply something we should get ourselves abreast of for ethical Positioning when someone asks us about the issue.
This study is not to give more "attention" to the devil. Believers should not fear Halloween. October 31st is still a day that the Lord God created. There is no room here for extremism or even for phobias. Example of Extremism Characteristic of the Christian People: Darwin's first issue of "The Origin of Species" was practically depleted by the race of believers to buy the "heretical book" ... we funded the second edition of the book and probably the popularity of theory. Some five years ago several people gave lectures on the New Age and the churches were very alert to the symbology and ambassadors of this movement. This generated a real "paranoia", to the point of accusing the "New Age" Board of Missions, for bringing a rainbow design, one of the supposed symbols, in one of its posters.